区别辨析feign、pretend与simulate

feign、pretend与simulate这些动词均有“假装”之意。

feign常和pretend换用,一般指言行上的“装做,假装”如装无知、悲哀;装死、疯或装做睡眠等。

  • You know how everyone feigns surprise when you tell them how old you are.
    你知道当你告诉别人你的年龄时,他们如何故作惊讶。
  • The prosecution claimed that the defendant had feigned the injury.
    原告代理律师称被告的伤是伪装的。
  • She responded to his remarks with feigned amusement.
    她对他的话假装感兴趣。

pretend : 指公开表示的与心里想的与客观实际不符合,含公开承认其虚假的意味。

  • He pretended (that) he didn’t mind, but I knew that he did.
    他假装不在乎,但我知道他很介意。
  • The children pretended (that) they were dinosaurs.
    孩子们装扮成恐龙。
  • Were you just pretending to be interested?
    你只是在假装感兴趣吗?
  • She’s not really hurt – she’s only pretending.
    她并不是真的受了伤——她只是在装。
  • Of course I was angry – I can’t pretend otherwise.
    我当然生气了——怎么可能会是装的。

simulate : 主要指模仿他人或他物的样子,假装具有他人或他物的特点。

  • In cheap furniture, plastic is often used to simulate wood.
    廉价家具经常用塑料模仿木材。
  • Ruth simulated pleasure at seeing Sam, but really she wished he hadn’t come.
    看见山姆,露丝假装很高兴,可实际上她希望他没来。
  • The computer simulates (= represents) different road conditions for new drivers to practise on.
    计算机模拟不同的路况供学习者练习。
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